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Anatomical Implants - Implants that are shaped in the form of a breast.

Abdominoplasty (Also called tummy tuck.) - Procedure that reduces the abdominal area. In this tummy tuck surgery, the plastic surgeon makes a long incision from one side of the hipbone to the other. Excess fat and skin are surgically removed from the middle and lower abdomen and the muscles of the abdomen wall are tightened.

Ablation - The removal, especially of organs, abnormal growths or detrimental substances from the body by mechanical means, usually by surgery.

Acus - A needle; specifically one used in a surgical procedures.

Acusector - A needle used for cutting tissue by means of a high-frequency electric current.

Adenectomy - Surgical removal of the adenoids.

Amputate - To cut off (all or part of a limb or digit of the body) through a surgical procedure.

Anaplasty - Reconstruction or restoration, specifically by plastic surgery, of a lost or injured part.

Anesthesia - lack of a normal sensation brought on by an anesthetic drug.

Angioplasty - The restoration of a blood vessel; done by inserting a balloon-tipped catheter to unclog it or by replacing part of the vessel with either a piece of the patient's own tissue or a prosthetic device. For example - coronary angioplasty to widen an artery blocked by plaque.

Anomaly - a health problem or feature not normally present in a healthy individual; a deviation from the normal.

Apert syndrome - A craniofacial abnormality characterized by an abnormal head shape, small upper jaw and fusion of the fingers and toes.

Areola - A round area of different (usually darker) pigmentation around the nipple of the breast.

Asymmetry - lacking symmetry; parts of the body are unequal in shape or size.

Autologous tissue breast reconstruction - the use of the patient's own tissues to reconstruct a new breast mound. The common technique is the TRAM (transverse rectus abdominous muscle) flap. A TRAM flap implies the removal of an area of fat, skin and muscle from the abdomen and stitching it in place to the mastectomy wound.

Acne - A skin condition characterized by the excess production of oil from sebaceous glands in which plugs the hair follicles.

Acne scar - Scars due to severe acne. They can range from deep pits to scars that are angular or wavelike in appearance.

Age spots - Small level pigmented spots that are most often seen on areas of the body that have been exposed to the sun over a period of years. Age spots usually occur after the age of 40.

Albinism - An inherited disorder in which there is no pigmentation in skin, hair or eyes, due to the absence of melanin, the substance that gives skin its color.

Alopecia - The complete or partial loss of hair.

Ametropia (Gr. ametros =disproportionate + ops =eye + -ia ) Any imperfection in refractive state of the eye- i.e. hyperopia, myopia or astigmatism.

Autologen - A substance used in lip augmentation to produce a look of fuller lips. Autologen is derived from your own skin and then injected into the lips.

Azelaic acid - A naturally occurring substance found on normal skin that can be used in skin care products to treat mild acne.

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